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Material deprivation affects both poor and non-poor Greeks, survey finds

Δημοσίευση 10 Δεκεμβρίου 2010, 08:29 / Ανανεώθηκε 27 Ιουνίου 2013, 14:55
Material deprivation affects both poor and non-poor Greeks, survey finds
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Nearly one in four or 24.1 percent of Greeks defined as poor but also 3.3 percent of those described as non-poor are unable to afford a meal containing meat, chicken, fish or a vegetarian equivalent every second day, according to a survey on income and living conditions indicators in 2009 released by the Hellenic Statistical Authority on Thursday.

Nearly one in four or 24.1 percent of Greeks defined as poor but also 3.3 percent of those described as non-poor are unable to afford a meal containing meat, chicken, fish or a vegetarian equivalent every second day, according to a survey on income and living conditions indicators in 2009 released by the Hellenic Statistical Authority on Thursday.

Based on the findings of the study, this and other indicators of material deprivation affected both sections of Greek society defined as relatively poor (those earning less than 60% of the median total equivalized disposable income) but also parts of the non-poor population.

Material deprivation indicators included arrears on mortgage or rent payments, utility bills, hire purchase instalments or other loan payments, incapacity to afford paying for one week's annual holiday away from home, incapacity to afford a meal with meat, chicken, fish (or vegetarian equivalent) every second day, incapacity to face unexpected financial expenses, being unable to afford a telephone (including mobile phone), a colour TV or a washing machine, households unable to afford a car and those unable to pay to keep homes adequately warm.

Among the results of the survey were the following:

• 49.2% of the poor population aged under 18 years old faces is unable to afford and faces an enforced lack of at least three of the nine material deprivation indicators, while the respective percentage of non-poor population is estimated at 16.7%.

• 52.6% of the poor population aged 18-64 years old is unable to afford and faces an enforced lack of at least three out of nine material deprivation items, while the respective percentage of non-poor population is estimated at 15.0%.

• 55.7% of the poor population aged 65 years old and over, is unable to afford and faces an enforced lack of at least three out of nine material deprivation items, while the respective percentage of non-poor population is estimated at 17.3 %.

• 52.5% of poor population is unable to afford and faces an enforced lack of at least three, out of nine, material deprivation items in the 'economic strain and durables' dimension, while the respective percentage of the non-poor population is estimated at 15.7%.

• 60.3% of the poor population and 21.4% of non poor population is unable to meet unexpected financial expenses with a value of approximately 500 euro.

• Pollution, grime or other environmental problems, noise from neighbours or the street, affect 23.4% of total population, while the 16.4% of the above population reports as problems crime, violence or vandalism in the area.

• 65.5 % of the non poor population has a slight financial burden from total housing cost, while the respective percentage for the poor population is estimated at 53.9%.

• 18.5% of the total population has a slight financial burden for the repayment of debts from hire purchases or loans.

• 35.8% of poor households is in arrears with utility bills such as electricity, water, gas etc.

• 39.4% of the poor population reports having great difficulty in making ends meet (coping with usual needs) with the total monthly income.

• The lowest monthly income to make ends meet has risen at 2,219.45 euro. For poor households the respective amount is at 1,752.08 euro, while for non poor it is 2,340.25 euro.

• 19.9% of poor households, 7.9% of non poor households and 10.4% of total households do not have a car, while 16.9% of the poor population, 8.8% of the non poor and 10.5% of total households do not have a personal computer, although needed, due to lack of financial resources.

The El.STAT. survey was derived from the available data of the European Union Survey on Income and Living Conditions of Households, year 2009 using the previous calender year 2008 as the reference income period.